Eurynome: The Goddess of Flowery Pastures and Mother of the Charites

Jun 28, 22

Eurynome: The Goddess of Flowery Pastures and Mother of the Charites

 

Eurynome: The Goddess of Flowery Pastures and Mother of the Charites

 

Eurynome (also spelt Eurynomia, Eurynomos, or Eurynomia) was the Greek goddess of fertile soil, agriculture and pastures.

Different myths tell her origin in different ways: she is either one of the Charites or daughter of the first man and first woman, Pandora and Epimetheus. She is also sometimes said to be the daughter of Nyx, Goddess of night, but other myths say she is Nyx’s niece instead.

Her main sacred animals were cows and mares; they were regarded as sacred because they nourish humans with milk and their urine purifies water. They are also symbols of plenty because they produce a lot of milk (especially given their size).

Cows are sacred to her because she personified not only rich vegetation but also human life itself. In Classical Antiquity, farming was an important part of most people’s lives; therefore it made sense for her to be a goddess who watched over the fields and pastures.

Eurynome was usually depicted as a young woman with blonde hair wearing a crown made out of ears or spikes that represented clover plants.

Greek Mythology and Eurynome

Eurynome is the goddess of the earth and all that is on it. She is the mother of the Horae, who personifies the seasons.

She is sometimes said to be the daughter of Nyx, Goddess of night, but other myths say she is Nyx’s niece instead. Eurynome is usually depicted as a young woman with blonde hair wearing a crown made out of ears or spikes that represent clover plants.

She may have been called “Grace” in some places because she was worshipped more by women than men – this may explain why she had more feminine features than masculine ones.

As a Grace, it wouldn’t be surprising if Eurynome married Hephaestus (God of crafts and blacksmiths).

 

Eurynome Mother to the Charites

Traditionally, Eurynome was said to be the mother of the Charites, the three patron goddesses of mercy: Clotho, who spins the threads of life; Lachesis, who determines when and how often those threads will break; and Atropos, who cuts those threads when they are finished.

Her other children are said to be the Horae, goddesses of the seasons, and the three Muses, goddesses of poetic inspiration. Eurynome is also sometimes said to be the daughter of Nyx, Goddess of night. In this case, the three goddesses of mercy are sisters instead of being her daughters.

 

Eurynome’s relationship with the other gods and goddesses

Many myths say that Eurynome helped create the world. She is said to have made the earth from Chaos, but it is also said that she came to earth as Persephone and married Hades, King of the Underworld.

Some myths say that she was in love with Hephaestus (God of crafts and blacksmiths), but they were never married because he was married to Aphrodite (Goddess of love) and had a son named Hermaphroditus. In other myths, she is said to have a love affair with Ares (God of war).

 

The Charites and Eurynome’s protection over humans and animals

The Charites were originally Nymphs who were associated with things like rain, fertility and the growth of plants. They were also associated with dolphins and horses, symbols of power and speed.

Some of these symbols can still be found in modern-day artwork, like a horse or dolphin in a crown. The Charites were also associated with the colour green, which is one of the most powerful colours for protection.

 

Conclusion

Eurynome is both a goddess of the earth and a goddess of fertility. This made her a good fit for people who lived on farms and in fields.

She was also associated with dolphins, horses and the colour green, which made her a great help to anyone who needed protection against the ocean, wild animals and things that are green.

In many ways, she is a more powerful and better-equipped version of Demeter, another goddess who protected humans and animals.

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